In 1925, the Union of Militant Atheists was created. A gradual condemnation of Central Asian istans, mullahs, and Sufis as counter-revolutionaries and leaders began. Kazkraik will adopt a strict decree on June 8, 1927. “To fight the Muslim religion, you must first separate Kazakhstan from the religious center in Central Asia, the madrasah. No Kazakh should be allowed to study at a madrassah in Samarkand, Bukhara. Authorities strictly follow this. Samarkand, Akhun, who linked Bhutan with Ishanas to be recognized as the leader of the mullahs and the enemy of socialism, will be severely punished. “Thus, Alash separated his son from the centers of madrassas in Central Asia, and the closing of religious schools, mosques and madrassas in Kazakhstan began. There were two types of schools for teaching children at that time, one of them was a mosque-stationary school. The second was a nomadic school. A nomadic type was widespread among Kazakhs. It is said that there were 247 “mobile” schools in Zhetysu district.
According to historian Sh.Khaitov, the Bolsheviks burned a hundred mosques in Turkestan until 1930. And the little saints turned into destructive dumps. In 1913, in the Shelek district of Almaty region, there were 94 places for gathering the Kazakh people and religious worship. In 1929, none of them remained. Officially, there were 26,000 Muslims in Shelek in 1912, and 6,000 Muslims in 1929.
Since 1929, a system of strict control over students from rural districts has been established. Parents who send their child to Medina are severely punished with the child. Visiting the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassawi is prohibited. Because at that time the peoples of Central Asia often went to the Hazret Sultan. During a raid conducted by the Bolsheviks in 1927, between 5,000 and 8,000 Muslims gathered for one religious holiday. Such a large population of Muslims was extremely dangerous for the Bolsheviks, and they moved to the tombs of the mosque and madrasah near Turkestan and to the tombs of the sultans of the khan, who were buried near the mausoleum. At that time, the owners of the Yassavi statue held the owners. They were revered as descendants of Yassavi. They served as shepherds. The Bolsheviks detained the craftsmen and took most of them to Siberia, removing the candlesticks from the mausoleum. In 1935, Taikazan in the Yassavi Mausoleum will be delivered to the Hermitage. From the kind of skin-Kydyrbay Kurmanbayuly. He opposed Govre that he would not give up Taikazan to his ancestor. Even threatens to kill a man who approached Taikazan. NKVD officers convicted him under Art. 58 counterrevolutionary and sent to Siberia for 15 years.
Sufi schools were another dangerous force for the Bolsheviks. Until 1929, 2469 chairs were imprisoned and driven into a doghouse. During 1931-32, 19812 stalls were detained and kept in a secret mosque-madrassah inside the country. Already in 1940, 355 ishans departed in Karlag in stages. Their family was subjected to severe taxes and fines. Their children and grandchildren were harassed. Everyone was nicknamed “The Diet of the Enemy of the People.” They could neither study nor work. One example is that in 1938, teachers Akhmetov fired from school in the Turgai district. Reason: “His father is a mullah. The enemy of communism. “However, Akhmetov did not care, because at the age of 5 he was orphaned, not even remembering his father’s appearance.
PASSAGE FROM THE “YASSAWI PHENOMENON” BOOK
(To be continued)