The second dangerous thing for the Bolsheviks was Nauryz. Because even on that day, people were spiritually united. Therefore, in 1926 it was forbidden to celebrate Nauryz. Since 1930, the celebration of Kurban Ait and Oraza Ait has been banned. They were also dangerous for the Bolsheviks. People gathered and sang religious and historical songs. They felt renewed spiritually. So they also had to fight. Propaganda against these holidays was carried out by children and youth. The Bolsheviks renamed Ramadan the “Communist Holiday.” When Muslims fast for a month, communists flock to them and form a special group for the protection of children, making trips through streets and villages and arranging a solemn march. Previously, children sang zharapazan, but now they are promoting communism.
The documents indicate that Goloshchekin was directly guided by the anti-Muslim struggle in Kazakhstan. He emphasized that Islam remains firm in the countryside, despite the destruction of mosques and madrassas. When the rich are sent to the camp, they are ordered to send ishanes and mullahs to links. The historian Nazira Nurtazina stated that the policy of collectivization, confiscation of the rich, and the struggle against nationalists in 1928 was closely linked with Islam. Because in the Kazakh villages, rich and national intellectuals had a Sufi Istan school (“ The Struggle with Islam, ”Almaty, 2008).
On September 17, 1928, a decree was issued “Turning Religious Buildings Into Clubs, Museums, Dance Floors, and Cinemas”. But the locals still do not want to turn the mosque into a dance floor, calling it the “House of God.” At that time, the Bolsheviks gathered in a mosque to remove its sacredness and drank vodka. They smoked papyrus and sang harmoniously. There are even reports that women were brewing in the mosque and having fun. One of the most widely used methods of the Bolsheviks was the introduction of pigs into the mosque. Some documents indicate that the imam intimidated the mullahs and forced them to drink, smoke, and beat them in mosques. Some mosques were transformed into a courtyard, warehouse, dining room. The radio station was located in the tower of the mosque. The local newspaper and magazine wrote about the closure of the madrassah mosque and about drinking imams. For example, in the newspaper Dzhetysuiskaya Iskra on December 24, 1928, articles were published: Mosque for a Club, and Another Conquered Mosque. They talked about the closure of mosques in Shelek district. For comparison: in Chilik in 1913 there were 94 mosques, and in 1929 not a single one remained. According to a 1912 report, there were 26,000 mosques in Central Asia, and 90 percent of them were destroyed in 1930. According to the revolutionary P. Krasikov, 1630 places of worship were closed before 1931, and the article “Red Flags on the Minaret” appeared in the newspaper on December 13, 1929. It also says that mosques have become cultural sites. The mausoleum of Hazret Sultan in Turkestan has also been transformed into a museum. The documents of that time said that this should be the main source and tool of anti-Islamic propaganda.
One of the Bolshevik anti-Islamic policies was the introduction of the Latin alphabet. Western scholar Richard Peps said the most radical of the anti-Muslim measures was a change in the alphabet. The elimination of Arabic writing prevented people from reading the Qur’an. The population as a whole was deprived of a centuries-old heritage, civilization and identity. Tsarist Russia has not been successful in the fight against Islam for half a century. Over the ten years of its existence, the Kazakh boy has reached the level of the non-Arabic alphabet, and a misunderstanding of the Qur’an and Hadith.
Then the Kazakh Central Executive Committee wrote: “The Arabic alphabet, books in Arabic are not accessible to youth. They must be retired. ” From now on, the removal of books in Arabic and Arabic has become widespread. The Bolsheviks traveled around the villages, confiscated and collected old books and set them on fire as “the enemy of socialism.” Among the books burned were Kissa Sul-Anbiya, Migrazhnama, Muhammad, Siyari Sharif, Kiyametnam Bakrygani, On Migrazh, Nahu Sarf, Mantyk, Muktasar, Rad ul-muktar ”,“ Sabatul gazhizin ”by Sofi Allayar,“ Zarkum ”,“ Tuhfatul muluk ”,“ Diwani hikmet. ”They set fire to the Qur’an, calling it a useless book. They threw it into rubbish. When the old man saw everything the Bolsheviks did, even he, calm and restrained was angry. He wanted to bury the Qur’an than to humiliate so. After that the process of wrapping the old books of the Qur’an left by de ladies in the country, and the hidden night burial of books in the grave.
PASSAGE FROM THE “YASSAWI PHENOMENON” BOOK
(To be continued)