The story began as follows. With the strengthening of the Soviet empire, the Bolsheviks began to create a godless society. In 1925, he founded the organization of organized atheism. An atheist named Emelian Yaroslavsky was appointed the head. That year he made a special offer to Stalin. Recommendation: destroy the Islamic religion in the Soviet Union. The project is divided into three stages:

1. Elimination of religious literature in Central Asia;

2. Severe punishment of sages, mullahs and ishans

3. Special appointment to the Institute of Oriental Studies. Scientists should study the countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, and identify Turkic Muslims as idolaters.

The proposal was immediately approved by Stalin. To this end, Vladimir Basilov, Sergey Tokarev, Sergey Demidov will go on an expedition to Central Asia. Basilov tried his best to show the Kazakhs, Uzbeks and Tajiks to the shamanic people. He wrote the following work: “Islamic Sunshine of the Middle East and Kazakhstan”: (Historical and Ethnographic Studies). “Cultures in Islam”, “Beasts of Faith”, “Shaman as a Spirit in the History of Religion”, “Charm of the Middle Ages in Asia and Kazakhstan”, “Islam in Kazakhs” (until 1917). Only V. Basilov writes five large monographs illustrating the Kazakh ethnicity as a shaman. Sergey Tokarev conducted a survey in Kyrgyzstan and Yakutia among Oirat peoples. “Capitalist Translation in Oirotia”, “History of the Yakuts of the Sun”, “The Right Way of the Yakuts”, “The Religious Process of the East Coast of the 19th Century – the Beginning of the 20th Century”, “History of the History of Yakuts” Sergey Demidov published the book “History of Turkmenistan, History of Religious Dangers of Turkmenistan” , designed to shed light on the Turkmen.

From their research, we see that it was not easy for the Bolsheviks to separate the people of Central Asia from the traditional religion. This is because the fame of Yassawi has grown too high in the area. The teachings of the saint spread throughout the entire Great Steppe, not without an easily rooted culture. The way he built it was not a dogmatic religion that existed only in mosques and madrassas. The culture of Yassavi has become a living image, reflecting the spiritual identity and cultural identity of the Turkic peoples. The Bolsheviks failed, as they say, to destroy the entire mosque-madrassah. Even the seizure of books, burning, and archiving did not diminish the name of Yassavi. If the genocide of an entire race is not organized and destroyed, extinguishing the candle of Yassavi’s teachings will become an impossible task. We will quote the works of Sergey Demidov sent to the Turkmen to prove this.

“The root cause of the strange victory of the battle is that it is moving in comparison with its contemporaries. Islamic canons and eastern Sufi are delicately mixed with shamanistic elements. It is enough to say that the “bee vortex” (zhikr) is a special rite of the Order of Yassavius. Its attributes give rise to imitation of shamans. This affects the psyche of the audience. Some scholars have suggested that the integration of shamanistic elements into Sufism arose as a result of this propaganda of Yassavia. This statement is not groundless.

A significant influence on the appearance of the book of Khoja Ahmed was made by the book Hikmet, which contains Sufi verses. Such a book was first written in Turkish. He wrote in a Quaternary (Rubai) style in a language that was simple and controversial to the general public. In its form and figurative language, the influence of Sufi poetry in Persian is obvious. In the ministry, the Sheikh introduced traditional mystical motifs, giving an aesthetic and pessimistic emphasis.

The skills of Ahmed Ahmed dominated the madrasahs of Ottoman Turkey and Central Asia. This influenced the work of Turkic-speaking gums. From a practical point of view, they also have a strong influence on the eloquent comments of the Sufi sects of Central Asia and Turkey …

Obviously, Khoja Ahmed Yassawi first founded the Turkic Mystical Order. Founder of Central Asian-Turkic Sufism. All Turkic tribes recognized Yassavi as their spiritual leader. He was awarded the title of “Ata.” The word “Ata” is included in Sufi terminology, which designates a narrative leader. The misunderstanding was used as the equivalent of the Arabic words “Sheikh” and Persian “Yed”. Over time, the terms “Ata” and “Ata” in the same sense as “Ata” were used in Central Asia and elsewhere. Especially in the name of the Sufis, he was called “paternal ata.” The same applies to their graves. “Ata” was used to designate the heirs of Khoja Ahmed in Yas-Turkestan, numerous Turkic-speaking Sufi figures and followers of his path. The term also refers to the Turkmen mystics of the XIII-XIV centuries. (Hakim-ata, Seit-ata, Gezli-ata, etc.). It is not surprising that Khoja Ahmed had direct contacts with the Oguz-Turkmen environment. Indeed, in the XIII century, part of the Oguzes still existed in the lower reaches of the Syr Darya, relatively close to Yas. However, the personality of Ahmed Yassawi has not wandered on the religious scene of the Turkmen community for centuries. This was manifested in the Sufi chapter “In Medina, Mukhambet and Khoja Ahmed in Turkestan.”

The burning of the Bible, the transfer of Ishan to Siberia, mass executions, the massacre of saints and the burning of the Koran in the great campaign on Kazakh soil. Especially the destruction of the clergy was intensified between 1927 and 1937. Weekly public comment in Turkestan was banned. Hoda, most mullahs hide in the house and pray, reading the Qur’an. The surviving masters fled to Tashkent and Bukhara. For ten years there was no educated master in Turkestan. From there, the Koran, writing amulets, writing alcohol for the sick, fell into the hands of criminals. Many of them barely read one or two verses of the Qur’an. They don’t even have a pedigree from their parents. Without paying money, the sheath did not even move the tip of the nail. Their ignorance prompted atheists to seek out Soviet ideologists who incited atheism. In 1953, after the death of Stalin, some of the owners returned to their families with their parents. But the new generation that has grown over the past 25 years is used to living without religion and masters.

PASSAGE FROM THE “YASSAWI PHENOMENON” BOOK.

Leave a comment