When I went home for the winter holidays, I showed the elders, teachers and mullahs a list compiled in the newspaper’s encyclopedia. The answer was owned by Dauletbai Mendybaevich, 85.
“Now Baiganin is called the Tabyn district,” he began.
We stayed there until we moved to Khorezm in 1929.
If you ask about summer conditions
All hunting and food.
If you ask for the winter
Mangistau and Sam Sands …
I still remember the lines of songs. It was a volcanic country with thousands of animals. There were many villages on the slopes and springs of the madrasah mosque. What is clear to me is that Doseke was mourning in an area called the Ishan Shift. At the beginning of Ashibulak there was a mosque of Sultan Akhun. Then, in Aksai, Saribas Akhun, sitting in Tastau, sat on a brown chest. The sands of the Great Sam were seated on Ulbazhan-ishan, fisherman Turyshan, Kusherbay-ishan, Koshpaganbet-ishan, Samir Mereim Akhun, Sama, Shelabaevich Elat Sane, Matthew Sands. Turmaganbet Akhun was separately in the Ashihyryk depression, Mukhamedkali Akhun in Bekbai, and then in Jyantau, Jiengali Akhun.
Of these, I know the Master of Sultan Ahun most of all. The father of Sultan Akhun was Tekay. The clan is classified as flat, student and lullaby. The children of Teka were older, older and more literate. The eldest was the singer Zhanabergen Zhyrau and the second Sexten. There is still a lot of talk about the two of them. There are spots on the face of the newborn. At a fair in Karakamys in Iron County, he may have buzzed with a girl or girl in a dombra, watching the goods of a Tatar merchant. A large crowd gathered around him, and the instruments were out of reach. The merchant, who was delighted with art and goods from Zhanabergen, closed his silk cloak on his shoulder and handed the dombra free of charge, saying: “Your art is a thousand tenge, and your beauty is one.”
Ghostly brothers and sisters traveling around the country study in Bukhara for four or five years. From there, eighty-five-year-old Akun goes on to teach. After a tireless educational process, he built all his wealth and, with the help of the people, built a mosque in the foothills of the mountains in Ashibibulak. In addition, Sexten’s wife, Aktolty, daughter of the November Adai, made a great contribution to the construction of the mosque. The son, the sultan, who also learned to read and write with his father, also left for Khiva at the age of seventeen to study at the Khurbiyaz madrasah. After graduating from the madrasah, he also graduated from Akhun and continued his teaching activities, returning to the mosque built by his father.
After the death of eighty Akhun, caravans approaching Beskal asked: “What’s new on the shore?” And “Eighty Akhun died.” Those who thought this man’s name was exhausted by the news said: “Alas, there is no longer Akhuna in the valley.”
At Akhun Madrasah, there was an elementary school that taught the first group of students. Ergali molda from the genus Zhalpaktyl, Malay taught in it. In it, students get acquainted with the works of the alphabet, a pharmacy, the Koran of Karim, Soups Alliyar, the Shahar book, Navoi, Khajiz in the Persian language, Hafiz, Fzuli. After reading these books and having learned the language well, he went on to Akhun. There he read a large number of books on prayer, including Pikaydan, twenty-eight books of Mukhtar, Bedan, Jaili opium, Tarapap, Kapiya, Sharkim Mall, Shamsmiya and many other books . First he will read it, then explain the meaning, then read aloud to all of us and ask what we understand. For several days he read religious books, including works by Arab-Persian poets. The best students of the madrasah were the children of Zholshiy, Sagin and Jiangbai. All three later became Ahun. The students bowed and worshiped the teachers. There were about two hundred students in the madrasah, in winter this number will decrease, and forty-fifty children with true knowledge will remain. Every Friday, near the mosque, they prepared in seven large cauldrons and handed out to everyone. And all who came ate praying. None of this was thrown away. Once having gathered us because of a discouraged student, he told us: “Every grain that you lose tomorrow in the world will rotate in one ram, and will butt you. Never forget respect for food, ”he advised everyone to fast for three days. Akhun was calm and good-natured. He did not speak much, and even when he spoke, spoke decisively, he summarized the details. He had a large physique, a slender body, a strong nose, a whiskered whisker and a hunchbacked one. Every year, when the caravan lovers leave for Khiva, they return with us for two or three months, bringing us pens with camels and books. Pupils also needed dried fruits and various goods. The mosque did not collect wealth. And the disciples were not separated by wealth, but by education. Children from poor families were not asked for a fee; they studied for free. Thurman was a shepherd of a mosque. From the herd, they feed the pupils winter food, fifty-six sheep, five or six horses and two camels, slaughtered the camels in the autumn and collected food from them in the pantry. And they chopped their products with an ax and cooked them food. People prepared a bonfire in advance. Near the mosque, they could leave bags that seemed heavy for moving ”.
Details of the future life and family of Sultan Ahun were told by his daughter, who was born in 1919 Kadisha:
– My father was born in 1867. Girlfriend Zhupar mother and daughter of a fisherman Adai. He had two brothers, Talib and Nasrullah, the sister of Aziz. Dad, my dad’s brother, recovered from a chest condition. After an annual donation, his sister-in-law Zhanilsyn voluntarily joined my father. They were born from them: Habibulla, Sagidulla, Atagulla, Bakhtyly and others. Bakhtyly died very early. Since 1929, the country began to move from place to place under various pressures. Although my father was silent and did not destroy the mosque, he could not remain alone. Finally, in 1932, the brothers arrived and took Konyrat. A small part of the property, we took the book and carried the rest of the book in a felt bag and hid it in the mosque. Also in Konyrat there were Kazakhs of the Small Zhuz who came from the steppes. We sat here on a marshmallow bush.
The OGPU employee Mazhitov, who investigated and arrested my father as a religious, accused Mazhitov of being a “pan-Islamist, Turkish spy,” and said: “Oh, my shame. I taught a Muslim boy. I said: follow the path of Allah. What is his crime? My uncle died in 1934 and died. My father told those who heard him: “The soil came from here, and I recently had a dream. Take care that the rest return home. “When by the end of autumn many people were sent to Kazakhstan, Akhun would probably tell the people around him:“ Japan, I should have stayed here. ”In fact, when he got on the ship, he turned off several times. The motor works when the messengers kill Akhun. If you do, he will turn off again. Akhun will go to jail again. About a month later during the winter fast he died while reading the Qur’an. The prison head Torekhan and police Estekbay arrived and reported the victims. Brothers, Orazymbet, Konay, Kadirbergen and Sagyndyk, went at night, brought their I washed and buried bodies on the banks of Daria. The next year, my six-year-old brothers expanded me and moved to the village. Everything went to the mosque. Supporters of the assumption that gold was in the mosque, activists rummaged inside and destroyed books. In 1937, Habibullah married on a girl named Sulkhan, they had two children, Nurpeis and Zibash, but they died at a young age.With the outbreak of World War II, the sick Nasrullah left, and all Khabibulla, Sagidulla and Atagulla went to the front. Khabibulla wrote for two years on the Leningrad front. Nasrullah died in 1946, not cured. A beautiful donkey was in my hands for several years, and after that I went to the house built by my brothers and sisters on the head of my father, saying: “I will not put out the shanyrak” and burning smoke. In 1975, in the Takiatas area, the country’s inhabitants covered Sultan Akhun and his children, who were killed at the front.
In addition to the elders Dauletbai the Elder and Grandmother of Kadish, I wrote down the names of elderly men such as Abyt Aksakal, Imangali Mynbaevich, 89 years old, and Aytzhan Satkanuly, 86 years old. I recorded each separately, compared and ordered again. Earth, water, names and events were often accurate. The grave of Sultan Ahun is now large, almost all the graves of the Kazakhs. Location in the village of Pristan, Khojel district, on the Amu Darya River. The residents of Karakalpak have a saying: “When you are in a good mood, you are in grief, and when you are in a good mood, you shine along the river. Yes, in this cemetery, different people who survived so many fates converged forever. And, saving himself from former tenderness, Amu slowly flows, as if he does not want to disturb his dream…
There are many more stories in the country. Those who gave people spiritual nutrition, morality, morality, and enlightenment had a good name. The followers of Sultan Akhun were also mainly from Aktobe, Atyrau, Mangistau, Karakalpakstan and Turkmenistan. The literary prototype of Sultan Akhun is depicted in the work of Labak Akhun, novel of the White House by writer Smagyul Elubay. In preparation for the novel, the writer asked in detail about the events of the 20-30s among the elderly, who saw a lot in the country. One of them is my grandfather Bakhyt Bigelovich. He laughed: “After Smagul came in and asked to tell the story, I put the yurt in the shade and watered it for a week.”
Aishuak Darmenovich, 1998.
P.S. This article was published in the Aktobe newspaper on July 18, 1998. 1997 was a year in memory of victims of repression, 1998 was a year of national history and the continuity of generations, and this was the time when people began to turn to historical science. The noble names of the intellectuals and religious leaders of the Bolsheviks, who were once humiliated, were somewhat cleared of suffering. I began to ask about Sultan Ahun, whose name he often heard from the lips of his grandfather and the history of great aunts. As a result, he was able to travel in three areas and talk with his youngest daughter Akhuna and the three remaining students in the quarter. Some people read in the newspaper. The people who were raised and raised by their grandfathers, Akhun, still report this small article and ask for it. The name Akhun is on the list of famous students of Dosjan Horror. I found this in the newspaper and published again.